EF SEB LU logo

Recognition of credits

European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS)

ECTS makes teaching and learning in higher education more transparent across Europe and facilitates the recognition of all studies. The system allows for the transfer of learning experiences between different institutions, greater student mobility and more flexible routes to gain degrees. The use of ECTS for lifelong learning enhances the transparency of learning programmes and achievements not only when it comes to the main higher education degrees (bachelor, master or doctorate) but for all types of learning activities provided or learning outcomes recognised by higher education institutions. The fact that all learning achievements are documented and awarded a corresponding number of ECTS credits makes it possible for learners to have this learning recognized with a view of achieving a qualification, when these learning outcomes satisfy the requirements of the qualification.

Credit allocation is the process of assigning a number of credits to qualifications/programmes or to educational components. ECTS credits are allocated on the basis of the typical workload necessary to achieve the required learning outcomes. The number of credits allocated to the entire qualification or programme depends on the national or institutional regulations and the respective cycle of the Bologna Framework.

Based on the ECTS key feature that 60 credits are allocated to the workload of a full-time academic year, 30 ECTS credits are normally allocated to a semester and 20 ECTS credits to a trimester. Qualifications which have formal programmes lasting three fulltime academic years are allocated 180 ECTS credits. Each academic year, semester or trimester is split into educational components. An educational component is understood to be a self-contained and formally structured learning experience (such as a course unit, module, seminar or work placement). Each component should have a coherent and explicit set of learning outcomes, appropriate assessment criteria, defined workload and specified number of ECTS credits.

Course descriptions contain ‘learning outcomes’ (i.e. what students are expected to know, understand and be able to do) and workload (i.e. the time students typically need to achieve these outcomes). Each learning outcome is expressed in terms of credits, with a student workload ranging from 1.500 to 1.800 hours for an academic year, and one credit generally corresponds to 25-30 hours of work.

The first two Bologna cycles are associated with the following ECTS credit ranges:

  1. First cycle qualifications typically include 180-240 ECTS credits.
  2. Second cycle qualifications typically include 90-120 ECTS credits.

More information

ECTS Users’ Guide

ECTS Grading

The performance of the student is documented by a local/national grade. It is good practice to add an ECTS grade, in particular in the case of credit transfer. The ECTS grading scale ranks the students on a statistical basis. Therefore, statistical data on student performance is a prerequisite for applying the ECTS grading system. Grades are assigned among students with a pass grade as follows:
A › best 10 %
B › next 25 %
C › next 30 %
D › next 25 %
E › next 10 %
A distinction is made between the grades FX and F that are used for unsuccessful students. FX means: ‘fail — some more work required to pass’ and F means: ‘fail — considerable further work required’. The inclusion of failure rates in the transcript of records is optional.

Grading System of Euro-Asian CEA Partner Universities

Click here to see the Grading System of Euro-Asian CEA Partner Universities.

Euro-Asian CEA II application is closed.

There will be no new calls.

Grantee's Experience

SCHOLARSHIPS for students and academics to study/research/teach in one of the partner university. With the support of the Erasmus Mundus programme of the European Union.

СТИПЕНДИИ Для студентов и профессорско-преподавательского состава для обучения/исследований/преподавания в одном их наших Европейских партнерских ВУЗах. При поддержке Эрасмус Мундус программы Европейского Союза

Additional Links:


  • Euro-Asian CEA Coordinator
  • University of Ljubljana, School of Economics and Business
  • Kardeljeva pl. 17
  • 1000 Ljubljana
  • Slovenia
  • Tel. +386 1 5892 805
  • info.euroasiancea@ef.uni-lj.si
To top of page